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Reflected Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in Thembay

Affected Vendor





17th Jul, 2020

High Severity


A cross-site scripting (XSS) attack can cause arbitrary code (JavaScript) to run in a user’s browser while the browser is connected to a trusted web site. The application targets your users and not the application itself, but it uses your application as the vehicle for the attack. XSS payload was executed when the user loads a malicious link generated using the ajax call back in Greenmart autocomplete search.

Proof of concept: (POC)

The following vulnerability was tested on the Greenmart theme on WordPress with version 5.4.2.

Issue 01: Reflected cross-site scripting.

  1. Install the Greenmart theme on WordPress with version 5.4.2.

Figure-01: The view-source of the WordPress application, which confirms the theme is Greenmart.

Figure-02: Greenmart search functionality

Figure-03: The search action related backend ajax call

Figure-04: The ajax call to “greenmart_autocomplete_search” action and the response from the server

Figure-05: Call-back request parameter with payload and the response from the server.

2. Click on the following link http://localhost/wordpress/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?callback=-->%27"><svg/onload=alert(document.cookie)>&action=greenmart_autocomplete_search&term=defaultText&_=1593737670196 

Figure-06: The call-back parameter is vulnerable to Reflected XSS, and it’s getting executed in the user browser context.

Figure-07: Wp-config configuration related to protecting XSS.


When the user input from a URL or POST data is reflected on the page without being stored, thus allowing the attacker to inject malicious content. This means that an attacker has to send a crafted malicious URL or post form to the victim to insert the payload.


Download and apply the relevant patches from the vendor:


July 17, 2020: Reported to Vendor

July 17, 2020: Vendor Responded

July 18, 2020: Vendor Released Fixed

July 29, 2020: CVE Assigned

Discovered by

Cyber Security Works Pvt. Ltd. 

  • Affected VendorThembay
  • Bug NameReflected Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
  • CVE NumberCVE-2020-16140
  • CWE IDCWE - 787
  • CSW ID2020-CSW-07-1045
  • CVSSv3 Score7.9
  • Affected Version5.4.2
  • SeverityHigh
  • Affected ProductGreenmart version 2.4.2.
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