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Reflected Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) in Thembay
17th Jul, 2020
Proof of concept: (POC)
The following vulnerability was tested on the Greenmart theme on WordPress with version 5.4.2.
Issue 01: Reflected cross-site scripting.
- Install the Greenmart theme on WordPress with version 5.4.2.
Figure-01: The view-source of the WordPress application, which confirms the theme is Greenmart.
Figure-02: Greenmart search functionality
Figure-03: The search action related backend ajax call
Figure-04: The ajax call to “greenmart_autocomplete_search” action and the response from the server
Figure-05: Call-back request parameter with payload and the response from the server.
2. Click on the following link http://localhost/wordpress/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?callback=-->%27"><svg/onload=alert(document.cookie)>&action=greenmart_autocomplete_search&term=defaultText&_=1593737670196
Figure-06: The call-back parameter is vulnerable to Reflected XSS, and it’s getting executed in the user browser context.
Figure-07: Wp-config configuration related to protecting XSS.
When the user input from a URL or POST data is reflected on the page without being stored, thus allowing the attacker to inject malicious content. This means that an attacker has to send a crafted malicious URL or post form to the victim to insert the payload.
Download and apply the relevant patches from the vendor:
July 17, 2020: Reported to Vendor
July 17, 2020: Vendor Responded
July 18, 2020: Vendor Released Fixed
July 29, 2020: CVE Assigned
Cyber Security Works Pvt. Ltd.
- Affected VendorThembay
- Bug NameReflected Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
- CVE NumberCVE-2020-16140
- CWE IDCWE - 787
- CSW ID2020-CSW-07-1046
- CVSSv3 Score7.9
- Affected Version5.4.2
- Affected ProductGreenmart version 2.4.2.